Berlin – China’s View of a Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) and European Defense Integration: Supportive, Opposed, or Indifferent? With Scott Harold [August 29, 2018]

Berlin – China’s View of a Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) and European Defense Integration: Supportive, Opposed, or Indifferent? With Scott Harold [August 29, 2018]

Since 2016, the EU has moved forward with a Global Strategy centered around a Common Annual Review of Defense (CARD), a European Defense Fund (EDF), and a Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) agreement.  European Union leaders are working to deepen integration